Association proxies in Active Record are middlemen between the object that holds the association, known as the @owner, and the actual associated object, known as the @target. The kind of association any proxy is about is available in @reflection. That's an instance of the class ActiveRecord::Reflection::AssociationReflection.

For example, given

class Blog < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :posts
end

blog = Blog.first

the association proxy in blog.posts has the object in blog as @owner, the collection of its posts as @target, and the @reflection object represents a :has_many macro.

This class delegates unknown methods to @target via method_missing.

The @target object is not loaded until needed. For example,

blog.posts.count

is computed directly through SQL and does not trigger by itself the instantiation of the actual post records.

Methods
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Instance Public methods
<<(*records)

Adds one or more records to the collection by setting their foreign keys to the association's primary key. Returns self, so several appends may be chained together.

class Person < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :pets
end

person.pets.size # => 0
person.pets << Pet.new(name: 'Fancy-Fancy')
person.pets << [Pet.new(name: 'Spook'), Pet.new(name: 'Choo-Choo')]
person.pets.size # => 3

person.id # => 1
person.pets
# => [
#      #<Pet id: 1, name: "Fancy-Fancy", person_id: 1>,
#      #<Pet id: 2, name: "Spook", person_id: 1>,
#      #<Pet id: 3, name: "Choo-Choo", person_id: 1>
#    ]
Also aliased as: push, append
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/associations/collection_proxy.rb, line 971
def <<(*records)
  proxy_association.concat(records) && self
end
==(other)

Equivalent to Array#==. Returns true if the two arrays contain the same number of elements and if each element is equal to the corresponding element in the other array, otherwise returns false.

class Person < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :pets
end

person.pets
# => [
#      #<Pet id: 1, name: "Fancy-Fancy", person_id: 1>,
#      #<Pet id: 2, name: "Spook", person_id: 1>
#    ]

other = person.pets.to_ary

person.pets == other
# => true

other = [Pet.new(id: 1), Pet.new(id: 2)]

person.pets == other
# => false
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/associations/collection_proxy.rb, line 909
def ==(other)
  load_target == other
end
any?(&block)

Returns true if the collection is not empty.

class Person < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :pets
end

person.pets.count # => 0
person.pets.any?  # => false

person.pets << Pet.new(name: 'Snoop')
person.pets.count # => 0
person.pets.any?  # => true

You can also pass a block to define criteria. The behavior is the same, it returns true if the collection based on the criteria is not empty.

person.pets
# => [#<Pet name: "Snoop", group: "dogs">]

person.pets.any? do |pet|
  pet.group == 'cats'
end
# => false

person.pets.any? do |pet|
  pet.group == 'dogs'
end
# => true
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/associations/collection_proxy.rb, line 807
def any?(&block)
  @association.any?(&block)
end
append(*records)
Alias for: <<
arel()
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/associations/collection_proxy.rb, line 863
def arel
  scope.arel
end
build(attributes = {}, &block)

Returns a new object of the collection type that has been instantiated with attributes and linked to this object, but have not yet been saved. You can pass an array of attributes hashes, this will return an array with the new objects.

class Person
  has_many :pets
end

person.pets.build
# => #<Pet id: nil, name: nil, person_id: 1>

person.pets.build(name: 'Fancy-Fancy')
# => #<Pet id: nil, name: "Fancy-Fancy", person_id: 1>

person.pets.build([{name: 'Spook'}, {name: 'Choo-Choo'}, {name: 'Brain'}])
# => [
#      #<Pet id: nil, name: "Spook", person_id: 1>,
#      #<Pet id: nil, name: "Choo-Choo", person_id: 1>,
#      #<Pet id: nil, name: "Brain", person_id: 1>
#    ]

person.pets.size  # => 5 # size of the collection
person.pets.count # => 0 # count from database
Also aliased as: new
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/associations/collection_proxy.rb, line 253
def build(attributes = {}, &block)
  @association.build(attributes, &block)
end
clear()

Equivalent to delete_all. The difference is that returns self, instead of an array with the deleted objects, so methods can be chained. See delete_all for more information.

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/associations/collection_proxy.rb, line 984
def clear
  delete_all
  self
end
concat(*records)

Add one or more records to the collection by setting their foreign keys to the association's primary key. Since << flattens its argument list and inserts each record, push and concat behave identically. Returns self so method calls may be chained.

class Person < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :pets
end

person.pets.size # => 0
person.pets.concat(Pet.new(name: 'Fancy-Fancy'))
person.pets.concat(Pet.new(name: 'Spook'), Pet.new(name: 'Choo-Choo'))
person.pets.size # => 3

person.id # => 1
person.pets
# => [
#       #<Pet id: 1, name: "Fancy-Fancy", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 2, name: "Spook", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 3, name: "Choo-Choo", person_id: 1>
#    ]

person.pets.concat([Pet.new(name: 'Brain'), Pet.new(name: 'Benny')])
person.pets.size # => 5
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/associations/collection_proxy.rb, line 328
def concat(*records)
  @association.concat(*records)
end
count(column_name = nil, options = {})

Count all records using SQL.

class Person < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :pets
end

person.pets.count # => 3
person.pets
# => [
#       #<Pet id: 1, name: "Fancy-Fancy", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 2, name: "Spook", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 3, name: "Choo-Choo", person_id: 1>
#    ]
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/associations/collection_proxy.rb, line 698
def count(column_name = nil, options = {})
  # TODO: Remove options argument as soon we remove support to
  # activerecord-deprecated_finders.
  @association.count(column_name, options)
end
create(attributes = {}, &block)

Returns a new object of the collection type that has been instantiated with attributes, linked to this object and that has already been saved (if it passes the validations).

class Person
  has_many :pets
end

person.pets.create(name: 'Fancy-Fancy')
# => #<Pet id: 1, name: "Fancy-Fancy", person_id: 1>

person.pets.create([{name: 'Spook'}, {name: 'Choo-Choo'}])
# => [
#      #<Pet id: 2, name: "Spook", person_id: 1>,
#      #<Pet id: 3, name: "Choo-Choo", person_id: 1>
#    ]

person.pets.size  # => 3
person.pets.count # => 3

person.pets.find(1, 2, 3)
# => [
#       #<Pet id: 1, name: "Fancy-Fancy", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 2, name: "Spook", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 3, name: "Choo-Choo", person_id: 1>
#    ]
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/associations/collection_proxy.rb, line 284
def create(attributes = {}, &block)
  @association.create(attributes, &block)
end
create!(attributes = {}, &block)

Like create, except that if the record is invalid, raises an exception.

class Person
  has_many :pets
end

class Pet
  validates :name, presence: true
end

person.pets.create!(name: nil)
# => ActiveRecord::RecordInvalid: Validation failed: Name can't be blank
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/associations/collection_proxy.rb, line 300
def create!(attributes = {}, &block)
  @association.create!(attributes, &block)
end
delete(*records)

Deletes the records supplied and removes them from the collection. For has_many associations, the deletion is done according to the strategy specified by the :dependent option. Returns an array with the deleted records.

If no :dependent option is given, then it will follow the default strategy. The default strategy is :nullify. This sets the foreign keys to NULL. For, has_many :through, the default strategy is delete_all.

class Person < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :pets # dependent: :nullify option by default
end

person.pets.size # => 3
person.pets
# => [
#       #<Pet id: 1, name: "Fancy-Fancy", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 2, name: "Spook", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 3, name: "Choo-Choo", person_id: 1>
#    ]

person.pets.delete(Pet.find(1))
# => [#<Pet id: 1, name: "Fancy-Fancy", person_id: 1>]

person.pets.size # => 2
person.pets
# => [
#       #<Pet id: 2, name: "Spook", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 3, name: "Choo-Choo", person_id: 1>
#    ]

Pet.find(1)
# => #<Pet id: 1, name: "Fancy-Fancy", person_id: nil>

If it is set to :destroy all the records are removed by calling their destroy method. See destroy for more information.

class Person < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :pets, dependent: :destroy
end

person.pets.size # => 3
person.pets
# => [
#       #<Pet id: 1, name: "Fancy-Fancy", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 2, name: "Spook", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 3, name: "Choo-Choo", person_id: 1>
#    ]

person.pets.delete(Pet.find(1), Pet.find(3))
# => [
#       #<Pet id: 1, name: "Fancy-Fancy", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 3, name: "Choo-Choo", person_id: 1>
#    ]

person.pets.size # => 1
person.pets
# => [#<Pet id: 2, name: "Spook", person_id: 1>]

Pet.find(1, 3)
# => ActiveRecord::RecordNotFound: Couldn't find all Pets with IDs (1, 3)

If it is set to :delete_all, all the records are deleted without calling their destroy method.

class Person < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :pets, dependent: :delete_all
end

person.pets.size # => 3
person.pets
# => [
#       #<Pet id: 1, name: "Fancy-Fancy", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 2, name: "Spook", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 3, name: "Choo-Choo", person_id: 1>
#    ]

person.pets.delete(Pet.find(1))
# => [#<Pet id: 1, name: "Fancy-Fancy", person_id: 1>]

person.pets.size # => 2
person.pets
# => [
#       #<Pet id: 2, name: "Spook", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 3, name: "Choo-Choo", person_id: 1>
#    ]

Pet.find(1)
# => ActiveRecord::RecordNotFound: Couldn't find Pet with id=1

You can pass Fixnum or String values, it finds the records responding to the id and executes delete on them.

class Person < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :pets
end

person.pets.size # => 3
person.pets
# => [
#       #<Pet id: 1, name: "Fancy-Fancy", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 2, name: "Spook", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 3, name: "Choo-Choo", person_id: 1>
#    ]

person.pets.delete("1")
# => [#<Pet id: 1, name: "Fancy-Fancy", person_id: 1>]

person.pets.delete(2, 3)
# => [
#       #<Pet id: 2, name: "Spook", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 3, name: "Choo-Choo", person_id: 1>
#    ]
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/associations/collection_proxy.rb, line 590
def delete(*records)
  @association.delete(*records)
end
delete_all(dependent = nil)

Deletes all the records from the collection. For has_many associations, the deletion is done according to the strategy specified by the :dependent option. Returns an array with the deleted records.

If no :dependent option is given, then it will follow the default strategy. The default strategy is :nullify. This sets the foreign keys to NULL. For, has_many :through, the default strategy is delete_all.

class Person < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :pets # dependent: :nullify option by default
end

person.pets.size # => 3
person.pets
# => [
#       #<Pet id: 1, name: "Fancy-Fancy", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 2, name: "Spook", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 3, name: "Choo-Choo", person_id: 1>
#    ]

person.pets.delete_all
# => [
#       #<Pet id: 1, name: "Fancy-Fancy", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 2, name: "Spook", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 3, name: "Choo-Choo", person_id: 1>
#    ]

person.pets.size # => 0
person.pets      # => []

Pet.find(1, 2, 3)
# => [
#       #<Pet id: 1, name: "Fancy-Fancy", person_id: nil>,
#       #<Pet id: 2, name: "Spook", person_id: nil>,
#       #<Pet id: 3, name: "Choo-Choo", person_id: nil>
#    ]

If it is set to :destroy all the objects from the collection are removed by calling their destroy method. See destroy for more information.

class Person < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :pets, dependent: :destroy
end

person.pets.size # => 3
person.pets
# => [
#       #<Pet id: 1, name: "Fancy-Fancy", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 2, name: "Spook", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 3, name: "Choo-Choo", person_id: 1>
#    ]

person.pets.delete_all
# => [
#       #<Pet id: 1, name: "Fancy-Fancy", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 2, name: "Spook", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 3, name: "Choo-Choo", person_id: 1>
#    ]

Pet.find(1, 2, 3)
# => ActiveRecord::RecordNotFound

If it is set to :delete_all, all the objects are deleted without calling their destroy method.

class Person < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :pets, dependent: :delete_all
end

person.pets.size # => 3
person.pets
# => [
#       #<Pet id: 1, name: "Fancy-Fancy", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 2, name: "Spook", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 3, name: "Choo-Choo", person_id: 1>
#    ]

person.pets.delete_all
# => [
#       #<Pet id: 1, name: "Fancy-Fancy", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 2, name: "Spook", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 3, name: "Choo-Choo", person_id: 1>
#    ]

Pet.find(1, 2, 3)
# => ActiveRecord::RecordNotFound
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/associations/collection_proxy.rb, line 446
def delete_all(dependent = nil)
  @association.delete_all(dependent)
end
destroy(*records)

Destroys the records supplied and removes them from the collection. This method will always remove record from the database ignoring the :dependent option. Returns an array with the removed records.

class Person < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :pets
end

person.pets.size # => 3
person.pets
# => [
#       #<Pet id: 1, name: "Fancy-Fancy", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 2, name: "Spook", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 3, name: "Choo-Choo", person_id: 1>
#    ]

person.pets.destroy(Pet.find(1))
# => [#<Pet id: 1, name: "Fancy-Fancy", person_id: 1>]

person.pets.size # => 2
person.pets
# => [
#       #<Pet id: 2, name: "Spook", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 3, name: "Choo-Choo", person_id: 1>
#    ]

person.pets.destroy(Pet.find(2), Pet.find(3))
# => [
#       #<Pet id: 2, name: "Spook", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 3, name: "Choo-Choo", person_id: 1>
#    ]

person.pets.size  # => 0
person.pets       # => []

Pet.find(1, 2, 3) # => ActiveRecord::RecordNotFound: Couldn't find all Pets with IDs (1, 2, 3)

You can pass Fixnum or String values, it finds the records responding to the id and then deletes them from the database.

person.pets.size # => 3
person.pets
# => [
#       #<Pet id: 4, name: "Benny", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 5, name: "Brain", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 6, name: "Boss",  person_id: 1>
#    ]

person.pets.destroy("4")
# => #<Pet id: 4, name: "Benny", person_id: 1>

person.pets.size # => 2
person.pets
# => [
#       #<Pet id: 5, name: "Brain", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 6, name: "Boss",  person_id: 1>
#    ]

person.pets.destroy(5, 6)
# => [
#       #<Pet id: 5, name: "Brain", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 6, name: "Boss",  person_id: 1>
#    ]

person.pets.size  # => 0
person.pets       # => []

Pet.find(4, 5, 6) # => ActiveRecord::RecordNotFound: Couldn't find all Pets with IDs (4, 5, 6)
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/associations/collection_proxy.rb, line 662
def destroy(*records)
  @association.destroy(*records)
end
destroy_all()

Deletes the records of the collection directly from the database ignoring the :dependent option. It invokes before_remove, after_remove , before_destroy and after_destroy callbacks.

class Person < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :pets
end

person.pets.size # => 3
person.pets
# => [
#       #<Pet id: 1, name: "Fancy-Fancy", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 2, name: "Spook", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 3, name: "Choo-Choo", person_id: 1>
#    ]

person.pets.destroy_all

person.pets.size # => 0
person.pets      # => []

Pet.find(1) # => Couldn't find Pet with id=1
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/associations/collection_proxy.rb, line 472
def destroy_all
  @association.destroy_all
end
distinct()

Specifies whether the records should be unique or not.

class Person < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :pets
end

person.pets.select(:name)
# => [
#      #<Pet name: "Fancy-Fancy">,
#      #<Pet name: "Fancy-Fancy">
#    ]

person.pets.select(:name).distinct
# => [#<Pet name: "Fancy-Fancy">]
Also aliased as: uniq
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/associations/collection_proxy.rb, line 680
def distinct
  @association.distinct
end
empty?()

Returns true if the collection is empty. If the collection has been loaded it is equivalent to collection.size.zero?. If the collection has not been loaded, it is equivalent to collection.exists?. If the collection has not already been loaded and you are going to fetch the records anyway it is better to check collection.length.zero?.

class Person < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :pets
end

person.pets.count  # => 1
person.pets.empty? # => false

person.pets.delete_all

person.pets.count  # => 0
person.pets.empty? # => true
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/associations/collection_proxy.rb, line 774
def empty?
  @association.empty?
end
fifth(*args)

Same as first except returns only the fifth record.

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/associations/collection_proxy.rb, line 189
def fifth(*args)
  @association.fifth(*args)
end
find(*args, &block)

Finds an object in the collection responding to the id. Uses the same rules as ActiveRecord::Base.find. Returns ActiveRecord::RecordNotFound error if the object cannot be found.

class Person < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :pets
end

person.pets
# => [
#       #<Pet id: 1, name: "Fancy-Fancy", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 2, name: "Spook", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 3, name: "Choo-Choo", person_id: 1>
#    ]

person.pets.find(1) # => #<Pet id: 1, name: "Fancy-Fancy", person_id: 1>
person.pets.find(4) # => ActiveRecord::RecordNotFound: Couldn't find Pet with id=4

person.pets.find(2) { |pet| pet.name.downcase! }
# => #<Pet id: 2, name: "fancy-fancy", person_id: 1>

person.pets.find(2, 3)
# => [
#       #<Pet id: 2, name: "Spook", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 3, name: "Choo-Choo", person_id: 1>
#    ]
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/associations/collection_proxy.rb, line 139
def find(*args, &block)
  @association.find(*args, &block)
end
first(*args)

Returns the first record, or the first n records, from the collection. If the collection is empty, the first form returns nil, and the second form returns an empty array.

class Person < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :pets
end

person.pets
# => [
#       #<Pet id: 1, name: "Fancy-Fancy", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 2, name: "Spook", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 3, name: "Choo-Choo", person_id: 1>
#    ]

person.pets.first # => #<Pet id: 1, name: "Fancy-Fancy", person_id: 1>

person.pets.first(2)
# => [
#      #<Pet id: 1, name: "Fancy-Fancy", person_id: 1>,
#      #<Pet id: 2, name: "Spook", person_id: 1>
#    ]

another_person_without.pets          # => []
another_person_without.pets.first    # => nil
another_person_without.pets.first(3) # => []
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/associations/collection_proxy.rb, line 169
def first(*args)
  @association.first(*args)
end
forty_two(*args)

Same as first except returns only the forty second record. Also known as accessing “the reddit”.

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/associations/collection_proxy.rb, line 195
def forty_two(*args)
  @association.forty_two(*args)
end
fourth(*args)

Same as first except returns only the fourth record.

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/associations/collection_proxy.rb, line 184
def fourth(*args)
  @association.fourth(*args)
end
include?(record)

Returns true if the given object is present in the collection.

class Person < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :pets
end

person.pets # => [#<Pet id: 20, name: "Snoop">]

person.pets.include?(Pet.find(20)) # => true
person.pets.include?(Pet.find(21)) # => false
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/associations/collection_proxy.rb, line 859
def include?(record)
  !!@association.include?(record)
end
last(*args)

Returns the last record, or the last n records, from the collection. If the collection is empty, the first form returns nil, and the second form returns an empty array.

class Person < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :pets
end

person.pets
# => [
#       #<Pet id: 1, name: "Fancy-Fancy", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 2, name: "Spook", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 3, name: "Choo-Choo", person_id: 1>
#    ]

person.pets.last # => #<Pet id: 3, name: "Choo-Choo", person_id: 1>

person.pets.last(2)
# => [
#      #<Pet id: 2, name: "Spook", person_id: 1>,
#      #<Pet id: 3, name: "Choo-Choo", person_id: 1>
#    ]

another_person_without.pets         # => []
another_person_without.pets.last    # => nil
another_person_without.pets.last(3) # => []
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/associations/collection_proxy.rb, line 225
def last(*args)
  @association.last(*args)
end
length()

Returns the size of the collection calling size on the target. If the collection has been already loaded, length and size are equivalent. If not and you are going to need the records anyway this method will take one less query. Otherwise size is more efficient.

class Person < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :pets
end

person.pets.length # => 3
# executes something like SELECT "pets".* FROM "pets" WHERE "pets"."person_id" = 1

# Because the collection is loaded, you can
# call the collection with no additional queries:
person.pets
# => [
#       #<Pet id: 1, name: "Fancy-Fancy", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 2, name: "Spook", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 3, name: "Choo-Choo", person_id: 1>
#    ]
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/associations/collection_proxy.rb, line 752
def length
  @association.length
end
load_target()
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/associations/collection_proxy.rb, line 43
def load_target
  @association.load_target
end
loaded?()

Returns true if the association has been loaded, otherwise false.

person.pets.loaded? # => false
person.pets
person.pets.loaded? # => true
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/associations/collection_proxy.rb, line 52
def loaded?
  @association.loaded?
end
many?(&block)

Returns true if the collection has more than one record. Equivalent to collection.size > 1.

class Person < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :pets
end

person.pets.count # => 1
person.pets.many? # => false

person.pets << Pet.new(name: 'Snoopy')
person.pets.count # => 2
person.pets.many? # => true

You can also pass a block to define criteria. The behavior is the same, it returns true if the collection based on the criteria has more than one record.

person.pets
# => [
#      #<Pet name: "Gorby", group: "cats">,
#      #<Pet name: "Puff", group: "cats">,
#      #<Pet name: "Snoop", group: "dogs">
#    ]

person.pets.many? do |pet|
  pet.group == 'dogs'
end
# => false

person.pets.many? do |pet|
  pet.group == 'cats'
end
# => true
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/associations/collection_proxy.rb, line 845
def many?(&block)
  @association.many?(&block)
end
new(attributes = {}, &block)
Alias for: build
prepend(*args)
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/associations/collection_proxy.rb, line 977
def prepend(*args)
  raise NoMethodError, "prepend on association is not defined. Please use << or append"
end
proxy_association()
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/associations/collection_proxy.rb, line 867
def proxy_association
  @association
end
push(*records)
Alias for: <<
reload()

Reloads the collection from the database. Returns self. Equivalent to collection(true).

class Person < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :pets
end

person.pets # fetches pets from the database
# => [#<Pet id: 1, name: "Snoop", group: "dogs", person_id: 1>]

person.pets # uses the pets cache
# => [#<Pet id: 1, name: "Snoop", group: "dogs", person_id: 1>]

person.pets.reload # fetches pets from the database
# => [#<Pet id: 1, name: "Snoop", group: "dogs", person_id: 1>]

person.pets(true)  # fetches pets from the database
# => [#<Pet id: 1, name: "Snoop", group: "dogs", person_id: 1>]
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/associations/collection_proxy.rb, line 1007
def reload
  proxy_association.reload
  self
end
replace(other_array)

Replaces this collection with other_array. This will perform a diff and delete/add only records that have changed.

class Person < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :pets
end

person.pets
# => [#<Pet id: 1, name: "Gorby", group: "cats", person_id: 1>]

other_pets = [Pet.new(name: 'Puff', group: 'celebrities']

person.pets.replace(other_pets)

person.pets
# => [#<Pet id: 2, name: "Puff", group: "celebrities", person_id: 1>]

If the supplied array has an incorrect association type, it raises an ActiveRecord::AssociationTypeMismatch error:

person.pets.replace(["doo", "ggie", "gaga"])
# => ActiveRecord::AssociationTypeMismatch: Pet expected, got String
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/associations/collection_proxy.rb, line 354
def replace(other_array)
  @association.replace(other_array)
end
reset()

Unloads the association. Returns self.

class Person < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :pets
end

person.pets # fetches pets from the database
# => [#<Pet id: 1, name: "Snoop", group: "dogs", person_id: 1>]

person.pets # uses the pets cache
# => [#<Pet id: 1, name: "Snoop", group: "dogs", person_id: 1>]

person.pets.reset # clears the pets cache

person.pets  # fetches pets from the database
# => [#<Pet id: 1, name: "Snoop", group: "dogs", person_id: 1>]
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/associations/collection_proxy.rb, line 1028
def reset
  proxy_association.reset
  proxy_association.reset_scope
  self
end
scope()

Returns a Relation object for the records in this association

Also aliased as: spawn
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/associations/collection_proxy.rb, line 880
def scope
  @association.scope
end
scoping()

We don't want this object to be put on the scoping stack, because that could create an infinite loop where we call an @association method, which gets the current scope, which is this object, which delegates to @association, and so on.

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/associations/collection_proxy.rb, line 875
def scoping
  @association.scope.scoping { yield }
end
second(*args)

Same as first except returns only the second record.

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/associations/collection_proxy.rb, line 174
def second(*args)
  @association.second(*args)
end
select(*fields, &block)

Works in two ways.

First: Specify a subset of fields to be selected from the result set.

class Person < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :pets
end

person.pets
# => [
#       #<Pet id: 1, name: "Fancy-Fancy", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 2, name: "Spook", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 3, name: "Choo-Choo", person_id: 1>
#    ]

person.pets.select(:name)
# => [
#      #<Pet id: nil, name: "Fancy-Fancy">,
#      #<Pet id: nil, name: "Spook">,
#      #<Pet id: nil, name: "Choo-Choo">
#    ]

person.pets.select(:id, :name )
# => [
#      #<Pet id: 1, name: "Fancy-Fancy">,
#      #<Pet id: 2, name: "Spook">,
#      #<Pet id: 3, name: "Choo-Choo">
#    ]

Be careful because this also means you're initializing a model object with only the fields that you've selected. If you attempt to access a field except id that is not in the initialized record you'll receive:

person.pets.select(:name).first.person_id
# => ActiveModel::MissingAttributeError: missing attribute: person_id

Second: You can pass a block so it can be used just like Array#select. This builds an array of objects from the database for the scope, converting them into an array and iterating through them using Array#select.

person.pets.select { |pet| pet.name =~ /oo/ }
# => [
#      #<Pet id: 2, name: "Spook", person_id: 1>,
#      #<Pet id: 3, name: "Choo-Choo", person_id: 1>
#    ]

person.pets.select(:name) { |pet| pet.name =~ /oo/ }
# => [
#      #<Pet id: 2, name: "Spook">,
#      #<Pet id: 3, name: "Choo-Choo">
#    ]
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/associations/collection_proxy.rb, line 109
def select(*fields, &block)
  @association.select(*fields, &block)
end
size()

Returns the size of the collection. If the collection hasn't been loaded, it executes a SELECT COUNT(*) query. Else it calls collection.size.

If the collection has been already loaded size and length are equivalent. If not and you are going to need the records anyway length will take one less query. Otherwise size is more efficient.

class Person < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :pets
end

person.pets.size # => 3
# executes something like SELECT COUNT(*) FROM "pets" WHERE "pets"."person_id" = 1

person.pets # This will execute a SELECT * FROM query
# => [
#       #<Pet id: 1, name: "Fancy-Fancy", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 2, name: "Spook", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 3, name: "Choo-Choo", person_id: 1>
#    ]

person.pets.size # => 3
# Because the collection is already loaded, this will behave like
# collection.size and no SQL count query is executed.
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/associations/collection_proxy.rb, line 728
def size
  @association.size
end
spawn()
Alias for: scope
target()
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/associations/collection_proxy.rb, line 39
def target
  @association.target
end
third(*args)

Same as first except returns only the third record.

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/associations/collection_proxy.rb, line 179
def third(*args)
  @association.third(*args)
end
to_a()
Alias for: to_ary
to_ary()

Returns a new array of objects from the collection. If the collection hasn't been loaded, it fetches the records from the database.

class Person < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :pets
end

person.pets
# => [
#       #<Pet id: 4, name: "Benny", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 5, name: "Brain", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 6, name: "Boss",  person_id: 1>
#    ]

other_pets = person.pets.to_ary
# => [
#       #<Pet id: 4, name: "Benny", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 5, name: "Brain", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 6, name: "Boss",  person_id: 1>
#    ]

other_pets.replace([Pet.new(name: 'BooGoo')])

other_pets
# => [#<Pet id: nil, name: "BooGoo", person_id: 1>]

person.pets
# This is not affected by replace
# => [
#       #<Pet id: 4, name: "Benny", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 5, name: "Brain", person_id: 1>,
#       #<Pet id: 6, name: "Boss",  person_id: 1>
#    ]
Also aliased as: to_a
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/associations/collection_proxy.rb, line 946
def to_ary
  load_target.dup
end
uniq()
Alias for: distinct