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Active Model Callbacks

Provides an interface for any class to have Active Record like callbacks.

Like the Active Record methods, the callback chain is aborted as soon as one of the methods throws :abort.

First, extend ActiveModel::Callbacks from the class you are creating:

class MyModel
  extend ActiveModel::Callbacks

Then define a list of methods that you want callbacks attached to:

define_model_callbacks :create, :update

This will provide all three standard callbacks (before, around and after) for both the :create and :update methods. To implement, you need to wrap the methods you want callbacks on in a block so that the callbacks get a chance to fire:

def create
  run_callbacks :create do
    # Your create action methods here

Then in your class, you can use the before_create, after_create, and around_create methods, just as you would in an Active Record model.

before_create :action_before_create

def action_before_create
  # Your code here

When defining an around callback remember to yield to the block, otherwise it won't be executed:

around_create :log_status

def log_status
  puts 'going to call the block...'
  puts 'block successfully called.'

You can choose to have only specific callbacks by passing a hash to the define_model_callbacks method.

define_model_callbacks :create, only: [:after, :before]

Would only create the after_create and before_create callback methods in your class.

NOTE: Calling the same callback multiple times will overwrite previous callback definitions.

Included Modules

Instance Public methods


define_model_callbacks accepts the same options define_callbacks does, in case you want to overwrite a default. Besides that, it also accepts an :only option, where you can choose if you want all types (before, around or after) or just some.

define_model_callbacks :initialize, only: :after

Note, the only: <type> hash will apply to all callbacks defined on that method call. To get around this you can call the define_model_callbacks method as many times as you need.

define_model_callbacks :create,  only: :after
define_model_callbacks :update,  only: :before
define_model_callbacks :destroy, only: :around

Would create after_create, before_update, and around_destroy methods only.

You can pass in a class to before_<type>, after_<type> and around_<type>, in which case the callback will call that class's <action>_<type> method passing the object that the callback is being called on.

class MyModel
  extend ActiveModel::Callbacks
  define_model_callbacks :create

  before_create AnotherClass

class AnotherClass
  def self.before_create( obj )
    # obj is the MyModel instance that the callback is being called on

NOTE: method_name passed to define_model_callbacks must not end with !, ? or =.

# File activemodel/lib/active_model/callbacks.rb, line 109
def define_model_callbacks(*callbacks)
  options = callbacks.extract_options!
  options = {
    skip_after_callbacks_if_terminated: true,
    scope: [:kind, :name],
    only: [:before, :around, :after]

  types = Array(options.delete(:only))

  callbacks.each do |callback|
    define_callbacks(callback, options)

    types.each do |type|
      send("_define_#{type}_model_callback", self, callback)